Interpret negative numbers in context. Read Roman numerals to 1000, including years. Recognise and use square and cube numbers, and know the notation. Use rounding to check answers and determine accuracy. Identify multiples and factors, including finding factor pairs and common factors. Use vocabulary: prime numbers, prime factors and composite numbers. Know prime numbers up to 19. Multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 or 1000, including decimals. Use long multiplication for multiplying numbers of up to 4 digits by one or two digits. Divide numbers using standard written short division. Convert between mixed numbers and improper fractions. Compare and order fractions whose denominators are multiples of the same number. Identify, name and write equivalent fractions including tenths and hundredths. Add and subtract fractions with denominators that are multiples of the same number. Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers with support. Read and write decimal numbers as fractions. Round decimals with 2 decimals places to whole number or to one decimal place. Read, write, order and compare numbers with up to 3 decimal places. Recognise % symbol and explain as a fraction with denominator 100 (parts out of 100). Understand and use common approximate conversions between metric and imperial. Measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes. Calculate the area of rectangles, and estimate the area of irregular shapes. Use the properties of rectangles to find missing lengths and angles. Distinguish between regular and irregular polygons. Identify 3-D shapes from 2-D representations. Know angles are measured in degrees and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles. Draw and measure angles to the nearest degree. Identify angles at a point, in a turn and on a straight line. Describe and represent the result of a reflection or translation. Complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables.